The first thing you need to do when you want to can beans is to snap your beans. Sometimes I have the kids do this when I am busy. They got off this time around and I did it myself. You need to snap off the stems. Then you snap them into bite size pieces or your preferred length. I picked a 5 gallon bucket full plus a gallon bucket over flowing. I used the gallon bucket for dilly beans which I will post on later. I picked the beans towards the evening so by the time I got the all snapped it was getting late. I just filled my stock pot up with them and covered them in water and put in the fridge. This keeps them nice and crisp and also helps get any dirt off.
When you are ready to can your beans get your jars ready. Use clean sterilized jars. This can be done in a dishwasher. If you don't have one like me fill your sink up with very hot water. Let your jars sit in it for a while. Beans can be canned either hot packed or cold packed. I normally cold pack my beans. It is less work and I like that. To cold pack your beans get your beans and place them in your jars. I will tap the jars on the counter a few times to help the beans settle down in the jars. Then push the beans down at the top of the jars as tight as I can get them. By doing this you ensure that you have a nice filled jar of beans. Then once canned they will not rise to the top and have a big space of water at the bottom of your jar.
Make sure your canner stays at pressure the entire time. If it drops below 10 lbs of pressure for more than a second you will have to start your time all over again. It is better to be safe than sorry. Each vege that your can is given a time that is needed to heat the vegetable inside the jar to a certain temperature. This drives the air out of the jar and kills any bacteria that could be in the jar. When the time is up take the canner off the heat and let it depressurize. I normally let the canner cool down for 10 minutes after it depressurizes. Then remove your jars and let cool. Load your canner up again and repeat the process until all you beans are done. I got 14 quarts from 5 gallons of beans!! These will go in my pantry and I will keep adding to them until the beans are done producing!